Cleansing Fire

Defending Truth and Tradition in the Roman Catholic Church

Blocking the Windows; Smearing the Glass

May 11th, 2012, Promulgated by Bernie


A recent series on the New Liturgical Movement website caused me to revisit a little book by Russian philosopher, scientist, art historian, and theologian Pavel Florsnsky called, Iconostasis. While browsing through the pages, my eyes landed on a couple of paragraphs that seem to me to speak to the reasons why we need an abundance of imagery in our Catholic churches.

… once we open our spiritual eyes and raise them to the Throne of God, we contemplate heavenly visions: the cloud that covers the top of Mount Sinai, the cloud wherein the mystery of God’s presence is revealed by that which clouds it. This cloud is (in the Apostle’s phrase) “a cloud of witnesses” (Heb. 12:1), it is the saints. They surround the altar, and they are the “living stones” that make up the living wall of the iconostasis for they dwell simultaneously in two worlds, combining within themselves the life here and the life there. And their upraised gaze bears witness to the operation of God’s mystery, for their holy countenances in themselves bear witness to the symbolic reality of their spiritual sight–and, in them, the empirical crust is completely pierced by light from above.

… The iconostasis is a boundary between the visible and invisible worlds, and it functions as a boundary by being an obstacle to our seeing the altar, thereby making it accessible to


our consciousness by means of its unified row of saints (i.e., by its cloud of witnesses) that surround the altar where God is, the sphere where heavenly glory dwells, thus proclaiming the Mystery. Iconostasis is vision. Iconostasis is a manifestation of saints and angels–angelophania–a manifest appearance of heavenly witnesses that includes, first of all, the Mother of God and Christ himself in the flesh, witnesses who proclaim that which is from the other side of mortal flesh. Iconostasis is the saints themselves. If everyone praying in a temple (church) were wholly spiritualized, if everyone praying were truly to see, then there would be no iconostasis other than standing before God Himself, witnessing to him by their holy countenances and proclaiming his terrifying glory by their sacred words.

But because our sight is weak and our prayers are feeble, the Church, in Her care for us, gave us a visual strength for our spiritual brokenness: the heavenly visions on the iconostasis, vivid, precise, and illumined, that articulate, materially cohere, an image into fixed colors. But this spiritual prop, this material iconostasis, does not conceal from the believer (as someone in ignorant self-absorption might imagine) some sharp mystery; on the contrary, the iconostasis points out to the half-blind the Mysteries of the altar, opens for them an entrance into a world closed to them by their own stuckness, cries into their deaf ears the voice of the Heavenly Kingdom, a voice made deafening to them by their having failed to take in the speech of ordinary voices. This heavenly cry is therefore stripped, of course, of all the subtly rich expressiveness of ordinary speech: but who commits the act of such stripping when it is we who fail to appreciate the heavenly cry because we failed first to recognize it in ordinary speech: what can be left except a deafening cry?




Destroy the material iconostasis and the altar itself will, as such, wholly vanish from our consciousness as if covered over by an essentially impenetrable wall. But the material iconostasis does not, in itself, take the place of the living witnesses, existing instead of them; rather, it points toward them, concentrating the attention of those who pray upon them–a concentration of attention that is essential to the developing of spiritual sight. To speak figuratively, then, a temple without a material iconostasis erects a solid wall between altar and temple; the iconostasis opens windows in this wall, through whose glass we see (those of us who can see) what is permanently occurring beyond: the living witnesses to God. To destroy icons thus means to bock up the windows; it means smearing the glass and weakening the spiritual light for those of us who otherwise could see it directly, who could (you could figuratively say) behold it in a transparent space free of earthly air, a space where we could learn to breathe the pure ethereal air and to live in the light of God’s glory: and when this happens, the material iconostasis will self-destruct in that vast obliteration which will destroy the whole image of this world–and which will even destroy faith and hope–and then we will contemplate, in pure love, the immortal glory of God.


Florsnsky, Pavel, Iconostasis, trans. by Donald Sheehan and Olga Andrejev, (Creastwood, St. Vladinir’s Seminary Press, 1996); “Orthodox Services and the Icon” pp. 61-63




3. Bernie

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One Response to “Blocking the Windows; Smearing the Glass”

  1. Raymond F. Rice says:

    I may be overstepping boundaries but your articles, on a regular basis, should be published in the “Wanderer” or some other publication.

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